Anthony of Sourozh was born in Lausanne in 1914. He spent his early childhood in
Russia and Persia, his father being a member of the Russian Imperial Diplomatic
Corps. His mother was the sister of Alexander Scriabin, the composer. During the
Russian Revolution the family had to leave Persia, and in 1923 settled in Paris
where the future Metropolitan was educated, graduating in physics, chemistry and
biology, and taking his doctorate in medicine, at the University of Paris.
1939, before leaving for the front as a surgeon in the French army, he secretly
professed monastic vows. He was tonsured and received the name of Anthony in
1943. During the occupation of France by the Germans he worked as a doctor and
took part in the Anti-Fascist movement of the Resistance. After the war he
continued practising as a physician until 1948, when he was ordained to the
priesthood and sent to England to serve as Orthodox Chaplain of the Fellowship
of St. Alban and St. Sergius. He was appointed vicar of the Russian patriarchal
parish in London in 1950, consecrated as Bishop in 1957 and Archbishop in 1962,
in charge of the Russian Orthodox Church in Great Britain and Ireland. In 1963
he was appointed Exarch of the Moscow Patriarchate in Western Europe, and in
1966 was raised to the rank of Metropolitan. At his own request he was released
in 1974 from the function of Exarch, in order to devote himself more fully to
the pastoral needs of the growing flock of his Diocese and all who come to him
seeking advice and help.
Anthony is Honoris Causa Divinity Doctor: of Aberdeen University 'for preaching
the Word of God and renewing the spiritual life of this country'; of the Moscow
Theological Academy for his theological, pastoral and preaching work; of
Cambridge University; and of the Kiev Theological Academy. His first books on
prayer and the spiritual life (Living Prayer, Meditations on a Theme and God and
Man) were published in England, and his texts are now widely published in
Russia, both as books and in periodicals.
His Eminence, Metropolitan Anthony of Sourozh, died peacefully 4th
August, 2003, at the age of 89.